Highland Estate Tweed Rothesay Crail Jacket Project - We recently acquired the last of the Glenbuchat Estate tweed in a short bolt. The estate had a history running back through time to Culloden and Major-General Gordon of Glenbuchat's Regiment. One of our oldest friends and ex Pipe Major Scots Guards loved it as soon as he saw it and thought it would be a perfect tweed Rothesay Crail jacket and waistcoat to wear with his Royal Stewart Scots Guards kilt. We lined it with a red silk to match the line in the tweed and colours of the kilt.
The keepers tweed was designed for the estate in the early 20th Century, but the estate has an interesting history dating back to the 45.
History of Glenbuchat's Regiment, 1745
The regiment was formed in Oct. 1745. Recruited from men from highland or near highland areas, and from highlanders owing no particular allegiance to any chief.
Glenbucket also recruited from the Duke of Gordon's estates, where he gained a reputation as "A most terrifying press officer", driving in every able bodied man and boy he could find. He also took every horse, not excepting those belonging to the duke. The jacobite authorities demanded that landowners should supply an able bodied man for the army, for every £100 (scots) of landed rent, alternatively they could pay £5 (sterling) in lieu of a man. Allegations were rife at the time that the Jacobites were more interested in getting the money than the recruits. Old John Gordon of Glenbucket however always refused offers of money instead of men.
The original size of the regiment is not known, but at Culloden it is listed as being 200 strong. The regiment was quite well equipped as, Murray of Broughton recorded that Gordon of Glenbucat's and the first battalion of Lord Ogilvy's were both equipped with arms captured from Cope's army at Prestonpans. But evidence suggests that by the time of Culloden, the entire Jacobite army was armed with French and Spanish muskets to simplify the ammunition supply.
Glenbuchat's Regiment took part in the advance into England and the return from Derby. One Company of the Regiment formed part of the garrison, which was left behind at Carlisle. The regiment also played its part in the Skirmish of Clifton on 18th December and the Battle of Falkirk on 17th January 1746. Shortly before Falkirk with the Highland Army under Lord George Murray drawn up near Bannockburn and expecting an attack from Hawley's superior force, about 1000 - 1200 men were left under the command of the Duke of Perth and Gordon of Glenbucket to continue the siege of Stirling Castle. Other sources maintain that Glenbuchat's regiment were at this time in the north of Scotland, operating against the government's independent highland units. Another recorded action of the regiment is on the 11th of February 1746, when John Gordon and his regiment used a couple of guns to "persuade" lieutenant Molly to surrender Ruthven barracks in return for a safe passage to Perth. Glenbucket then proceeded to burn the barracks.
At the battle of Culloden, Glenbuchat's had rejoined the main Jacobite army. Originally they stood on the left in the second line, flanked by the Perthshire Horse under Lords Strathallan and Pitsligo, but after Lord George Murray ordered the front line of highland regiments to close up to the right, Perth's and Glenbuchat's were moved up to the first line to fill the gap which had been created on the left flank. When the Jacobite army advanced, both Perth's and Glenbuchat's advanced with them, but due to swampy ground and small ponds to their front they were unable to make contact with the enemy. So for most of the battle they engaged in a firefight with the government troops opposite them. Glenbuchat's and Perth's suffered relatively few casualties during the battle. When the government dragoons launched their attack, Glenbuchat's and Perth's on the left flank were able to hold them off for a short time, presumably helped by the same swampy ground which had stopped their own advance. The dragoons soon bypassed the two regiments in search of easier targets. When the general retreat and disintegration of the Jacobite army began, both regiments were able to retire from the field virtually intact and in good order.
There is no record of what happened to Glenbuchat's regiment after Culloden, it may have been amongst the units which gathered at Ruthven barracks after the battle, Perth's regiment was there. Some mention is made of Glenbuchat's regiment in the records of the trials held in the aftermath of the uprising.